It is a sulfonamide diuretic that is pharmacologically related to thiazide diuretics. The medicine inhibits sodium reabsorption in the cortical segment of the kidneys. It increases the excretion of sodium and chlorides in the urine and the excretion of potassium and magnesium, thus increasing diuresis. The antihypertensive effect of the active components appears at doses at which the diuretic effect is insignificant. Moreover, its antihypertensive effect persists even in patients with hypertension.
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The tablets are aimed at reducing the ability of smooth muscle vessels to contract and to stimulate the synthesis of prostaglandin PGE2 and prostacyclin PGI2 (vasodilator and platelet aggregation inhibitor).
The pills increase the excretion of sodium in the urine, and to a lesser extent the release of magnesium and potassium. Thus the action of diuresis becomes faster. The effect of the drug persists even in people with hypertension. The medicine operates at the level of the vessels. It decreases the contractility of the muscles of blood vessels, stimulates indapamide in blood vessels, and reduces left ventricular hypertrophy.
According to studies that had different duration-short, medium and long, it has been determined that the pills do not affect the metabolism of lipids, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein; they do not influence the metabolism of carbohydrates, even in patients with hypertension and diabetes. If the recommended dose is exceeded, then the therapeutic effect of the components of the tablet will not be greater and the frequency of adverse reactions will increase. One should not increase the dose if the treatment is ineffective.
The tablets are not recommended and are contraindicated for people who have a high sensitivity to them or any other excipients. The pills are not recommended for people with severe renal insufficiency, with severe liver function disorders, with hypokalemia. It is not advised to combine medicine with lithium at a high level of its concentration in plasma may appear. They will be together with the symptoms of overdose with a salt-free diet. If you are appointed a diuretic, it is necessary to conduct a thorough study of the level of lithium in the blood.
If you take pills with the drugs mentioned above, there is a risk of gastric arrhythmia and gastric tachycardia or hypokalemia. Before taking this combination of tablets you need to check the level of potassium and correct it to a normal level if necessary. It is also necessary to control the level of plasma electrolytes. If there is hypokalemia, you need to take drugs that do not cause wave burst arrhythmia.
The best time for taking remedy is in the morning, 1 tablet (0.0015 g), without grinding, without chewing and washing with a ½ cup of water. The maximum daily dose - 1 tablet (0.0015 g).
A large number of negative effects (clinical or laboratory parameters are known to depend on the dose of the pill) can cause such adverse reactions as:
- Thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, agranulocytosis;
- Dizziness (vertigo), fatigue, headache, paresthesia; fainting.
- Arrhythmia, hypotension; paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia;
- Vomiting; nausea, constipation, dry mouth; pancreatitis;
- Renal failure.
Patients with hypersensitivity who had a high predisposition to allergies and asthma, maculopapular rash; purpura; angioedema and/or urticaria, toxic epidermal necrolysis.